Tying the knot
ST. PAUL -- Minnesota's gay community never has known such joy.
That joy showed Tuesday night as American and rainbow flags flew in front of the state Capitol when Minnesota became the 12th state to embrace same-sex marriage. Minnesota gays and their supporters could not contain their enthusiasm during a 45-minute ceremony featuring Gov. Mark Dayton signing the historic legislation.
An estimated 6,000 people crowded in front of the Capitol in temperatures topping 90 degrees to cheer not only Dayton, but to greet as heroes dozens of lawmakers who voted for gay marriage.
"What a difference a year and an election makes in Minnesota," Dayton declared. "Last year, there were concerns that marriage equality would be banned forever. Now, my signature will make it legal in two and one-half months."
It was just last November that Minnesota voters decided not to put a gay marriage ban in the state Constitution. Voters also turned out the Republican legislative majority that put the anti-gay marriage provision on the ballot.
Using a handful of pens to sign the bill the House passed last week and the Senate on Monday, Dayton took the last step to erase an existing state law that prohibits same-sex couples from marrying.
About 5,000 Minnesota gay couples are making plans to marry and then enjoy many rights for the first time now that a same-sex marriage bill is law.
"Love is the law," Dayton declared, then sent the throngs to downtown St. Paul and an all-night party.
House bill sponsor Karen Clark, DFL-Minneapolis, told the crowd that many who voted for the bill in the House and Senate may have hurt their political chances because they live in districts that oppose gay marriage.
"We've got your back," the crowd chanted.
Clark was accompanied by her longtime partner, Jacquelyn Zita, and Senate bill sponsor Scott Dibble, DFL-Minneapolis, was joined by Richard Leyva, whom he married in California.
"Our dream came true four and a half years ago in California, and now it is going to come true in Minnesota," a jubilant Dibble said.
As Dayton signed the bill, Zita and Leyva rested their heads on their lawmaker-partners.
Like everyone who took a turn at the microphone, Dibble thanked those who helped defeat last year's proposed constitutional amendment and worked toward passing the gay marriage bill.
"I have seen you grow with every step and every setback," he said.
However, he added, "there is more to do." He urged gay marriage supporters to go from "the northlands" to "the southwest prairies" to talk about the advantages of gay marriage.
"Bring the state together," he pleaded.
Polls show Minnesota divided over the issue, but the trend appears to be in favor of same-sex marriage.
A UCLA Williams Institute study shows that about half of Minnesota's 10,000 gay couples likely will wed within three years.
Same-sex couples can get married starting Aug. 1.
Among rights that gay couples will have for the first time is the ability to make decisions for ill spouses who are not able to decide for themselves. In some cases, a gay person cannot visit a hospitalized spouse, which will change under the new law.
There also are some business-related decisions that up to now only people in man-woman marriages could make.
Project 515 has found 515 state laws that the group says discriminate against gay couples. The new law changes the law so same-sex and opposite-sex couples are treated the same.
Federal laws continue to treat gay couples differently, such as those dealing with Social Security benefits.
A gay couple legally married in another state or country will be recognized as being married in Minnesota.
The law's path has been controversial. For years, legislators on both sides of the issue introduced bills to support their views.
In 1997, legislators approved a bill to write the gay marriage ban into state law.
Two years ago, the Republican-controlled Legislature approved a proposed constitutional amendment to insert the gay marriage ban into the state Constitution. That effort failed, but it inspired gay marriage supporters to campaign for the bill that passed the Senate Monday and the House last week.
When Democrats this year took over both chambers of the Legislature and Dayton remained governor, the gay marriage issue's chances greatly increased.
Just a few legislators broke from their parties' general stances when they voted on the marriage bill.