Tips for shifting kids back to their school sleep schedule

Start with an earlier wake-up call for children.

Judit Chavarria
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WORTHINGTON — For many kids, summer is a time to relish in the longer days by staying up later with friends or family.

Sanford Health’s Dr. Judit Chavarria, a pediatrician in Worthington, says the summer sleep schedule is usually a delayed sleep phase for most kids, since they go to bed later and wake up later.

In this pattern, they get “almost the same duration of sleep and sometimes a little more, usually not less,” she said. “So it does not usually affect them physiologically.”

When school starts, though, it can be difficult for some kids to change their sleep schedules.

“They cannot easily fall asleep and cannot wake up on time, or might fall asleep in the classroom, affecting their education,” Chavarria said. “Kids who had a hard time adjusting their schedule a year before should make sure to keep their school sleep schedules.”


Here are a few tips to make sure your kids continue to get sound sleep throughout the summer and get back into a routine once school starts.

Know your sleep numbers

No matter the season, kids need a certain number of hours of sleep each night for better behavior, mental health, memory and a stronger immune system. School-age children need between nine and 12 hours a night, while teenagers need between eight and 10 hours.

Children who regularly miss out on enough sleep are prone to health problems such as depression, high blood pressure and obesity. They also have more behavioral issues, are more irritable and have trouble concentrating.

Try to stay consistent

“Consistency with sleep habits is the key to having good sleep habits,” Chavarria said.

A consistent sleep schedule is important for all kids as children who get enough sleep perform better in school and have better behavior and memory.

To help with consistency, keep the same bedtime routine all year, whatever that may be, such as brushing teeth and reading before bed.


Make a gradual shift at summer’s end

Don’t wait until the night before school starts to shift your children back to a regular sleep schedule. A week or two before school begins, get started.

The body’s circadian rhythm, or 24-hour sleep-wake cycle, is more dependent on wake-up time than bedtime, Chavarria said. So start by having kids wake up at the earlier school time. Then gradually shift their bedtime earlier as well.

“For the first few days, they will be sleep-deprived, but that’s all for good,” Chavarria said.

Using low-dose melatonin during this short period of time can help accelerate the process and help kids resume the schedule faster, she said.

Ideally, kids should be back on the preferred sleep schedule at least a few days before the first day of school.

Signs of sleep problems

If a child is getting a good duration of sleep but still wakes up tired or isn’t restored by sleep, that would be a concern warranting medical attention, Chavarria said. Symptoms of sleep apnea such as snoring, apnea or gasping would as well.


Other signs that might benefit from medical attention include a child who is restless in sleep, or having lot of nightmares or terrors, or frequently sleepwalking, or falling asleep easily in any situation but especially in the classroom, she added. Sleep is also considered in a workup for ADHD if parents feel their child is not getting a good sleep.

Encourage healthy sleep habits

Once your child is back at school, instill a few healthy habits to help him or her get enough sleep year-round:

  • Keep all electronic devices out of children’s bedrooms, and stop all screen time at least an hour before bedtime. The blue light from screens can disrupt sleep by keeping kids, including teens, too alert.
  • Make sure your child gets plenty of physical activity during the day.
  • Keep the lights dim in your home toward bedtime.
  • Cooler bedroom temperatures are more conducive to sleep.
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