The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe is made up of six Ojibwe or Chippewa bands in northern Minnesota, the Bois Forte, Fond du Lac, Grand Portage, Leech Lake, Mille Lacs and White Earth reservations.
Red Lake Nation is not part of the MCT.
Oil has been flowing through the completed pipeline for months now, but the White Earth Band of Ojibwe — Minnesota's largest Native American tribe with about 20,000 members — continues fighting the project in court, and through extraordinary surveillance efforts.
Mike Swan is an elder in the village of Pine Point on the White Earth Reservation, 20 miles from Park Rapids. He grew up in the village, attending the old school. He said there weren’t many opportunities for drama at that time.
With Dennis Banks and others, Bellecourt in 1968 co-founded the American Indian Movement (AIM), a grassroots group of Indians in Minneapolis that inspired a generation of Native activists on reservations and inner cities across the country.
Demonstrators urged President Joe Biden and Gov. Tim Walz to listen to Indigenous nations in northern Minnesota who are opposed to the pipeline, which would cross near reservation land and through waterways.